Turkish citizenship is considered one of the most coveted citizenships in the world, and this is one of the most important advantages of Turkish citizenship, for many reasons that we will mention in this article, especially in the last period of this year, when the economic and political development and the development of infrastructure in Turkey and its emergence in the world began.
It has become difficult to overlook this remarkable progress at different levels and further development is expected in the future, thanks to the government goals in Turkey and some political goals that the government is working on and renewing every year, which qualifies Turkey’s entry to the throne of developed countries.
While there has been much talk recently about the Turkish government granting Turkish citizenship to Syrian refugees in Turkey as “exceptional citizenship” after the relevant authorities in Turkey contacted a large number of refugees to present them with citizenship papers, and after there were great rumors that children born on Turkish soil would be automatically granted citizenship, and then also the mother and the rest of the family, but many of them were confused about this and got into a personal and social conflict about whether to take this step or not.
There is no doubt that Turkish citizenship offers many advantages that make it universally desirable, such as the ability to travel to 70 countries around the world without having to apply for a visa and better employment opportunities in all government and private sectors without having to obtain a work permit.
They can also retire after reaching the legal age (60 years) or after 25 years of service, etc. However, the matter is not without some drawbacks that may be an obstacle for those who wish to apply for a Turkish passport.
What are the disadvantages of Turkish citizenship?
- The obligation of the holder of Turkish citizenship to join the Turkish army for those who have not reached the age of majority or have not served in Syria, and the agreement between the two countries, which includes persons with dual citizenship, stipulates that in the case persons serving in one of the two countries are not subject to the law of military service in the second country, knowing that the compulsory military service in Turkey is one year and the work is reduced to nine months.
- Holders of Turkish citizenship lose some of the benefits of the Temporary Protection Law, such as inspection and free medicines.
- Turkish citizenship holders lose the right to receive study grants in Turkey.
- Turkish citizens lose the right to receive the various aid provided by some international organizations for Syrians, such as the Red Crescent card.
- The holder of Turkish citizenship loses his right to apply for asylum in another country.
- The inability to teach as a teacher in temporary education centers.
The UNICEF support program is only for Syrian teachers, but it is possible to teach in Turkish schools, and in general, according to the Turkish Ministry of Education’s roadmap, temporary education centers will close their doors for a maximum period of 3-5 years.
What are the stages of obtaining Turkish citizenship?
The stages of naturalization in Turkey go through several steps, and information about them varies from one source to another, but there is no doubt that the security examination is considered one of the most important stages of naturalization and determines whether or not Turkish citizenship is obtained.
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Turkish citizenship consists of seven stages:
- The stage of registration and approval of the application.
- Transmission of the file to the relevant General Directorate for examination of file.
- The initial examination of the file begins with the appointment of a special committee headed by the Director of the Turkish Citizenship Department by the Department of Souls to examine and evaluate the files.
- The phase of enhanced monitoring and archiving and sending the files to the relevant authorities for evaluation is the most important phase of Turkish citizenship, which may last several months before a decision is made to move to the fifth phase.
- The file is placed on the naturalization list for approval by the Council of Ministers.
- The decision Phase.
- Finally, the result is communicated to the authority where the file was submitted.
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What are Turkish Citizenship Rights?
- Follow the law: Laws are there for the individual in society and the individual is obligated to follow those laws.
- Pay taxes: The taxes we pay are repaid with services that meet public needs.
- The right to vote and be elected: It is the right that people who have reached the age of 18 to vote in various fields.
- Military service: It is the duty of the air, land, and naval forces and their military departments, and every Turkish citizen is obliged to participate in this duty.